Image: Types of Electric Vehicles

What Type of Electric Vehicles Are There?

Electric vehicles (EVs) are becoming more popular, but there are different types of EVs to choose from. Here are the main categories:

Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs)

Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs) are fully electric and don't use a gasoline engine. They rely on rechargeable batteries, which means they produce zero emissions and don't contribute to air pollution.

Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs)

Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) have both a gas-powered engine and an electric motor. They use regenerative braking to recharge their batteries, capturing energy that's normally lost during braking and using it to assist the gasoline engine during acceleration.

Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs)

Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs) have larger batteries than HEVs and can be charged from an electrical outlet. They can travel using electric power alone for several dozen miles before the gas engine kicks in. Once the battery is depleted, they function like regular hybrids and use gasoline to keep going.